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Who does what in Slovenia?

Stakeholders involved in natural risk mitigation and risk management

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1 - Risk management cycle in Slovenia
2 - Slovenian legislation / organisation
3 - Players (administration, institutions, associations, services...) involved in natural risk mitigation

 

1 - Risk management cycle in Slovenia

ACTIONS:

INTERVENTION

Alert

Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief (ACPDR)
(Ministry of Defence)
The alarming is organized as unified system that can be deployed at the national, regional and local level. For the efficient working of the public alarming system municipalities are responsible. Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief is responsible for the organization and functioning of national and regional level. Companies, institutions and other organizations engaged in the wider environment danger activity at their expense must organize and maintain the alarm system according to the hazard they cause at their own expense.

Rescue

Protection, rescue and relief forces
Protection, rescue and relief forces at various levels (municipal, regional and national) are voluntary (voluntary fire brigade, Red Cross, Slovenian Caritas, divers, dog-handler units, girl and boy scouts, scouts, amateur, broadcasters, Mountain Rescue Service, Cave Rescue Service etc.) and professional emergency services (professional fire-fighters, public health services, public social welfare services, public veterinary services, environmental laboratory, mine rescue units, emergency rescue for disasters connected to corrosive substances, mobile meteorological unit, public utilities, regional and government public services and contract organization), Civil Protection (first aid teams, units for veterinary first aid, technical rescue units, units for radiological, chemical and biological defence, services for maintenance and usage of shelters, unit for protection against unexploded ordnance, unit for triggering avalanches, rescue unit for rapid intervention and support services) and certain companies, institutions and other organizations, which are, given the nature of their activities involved in this system. Civil protection is organized as a specific and deliberate part of protection and relief system.

Performers of tasks for protection, rescue and relief during natural and other disasters are:
1. units and services of non-governmental organizations;
2. enterprises, institutions and other organizations;
3. units, services and agencies of Civil Protection units;
4. police;
5. the Slovenian armed forces.

Damage mitigation

Protection, rescue and relief forces

ELES - The public company Elektro-Slovenija, d.o.o. (ELES) has the exclusive right to perform the public service of the transmission network system operator in Slovenia.

Information/instructions

Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief
The information system on natural and other disasters incorporates the collection, processing, storage, dissemination and use of data.
The data is collected, processed, disseminated and used by the notification centres. There is one national and 13 regional notification centres in Slovenia.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR CITIZENS:
- Emergency food supply
- Measures to take in the event of an earthquake
- Measures to take in the event of a flood
- Measures to take in the event of heavy snowfall
- Protection against avalanches
- Protection against lightning
- Taking measures in the event of a fire in the natural environment
- Taking measures in the event of a fire in a building
- Taking measures in the event of the use of chemical weapons
- Measures in the event of an accident involving chlorine
- Protection against radiation
- Taking measures in the event of the outbreak of a communicable disease
- Taking measures in the event of an airstrike
- How to prepare and use a shelter/refuge
- Taking measures if you encounter unexploded ordnance
- First psychological aid
- Giving first aid
- How to ensure healthy drinking water

EDUCATION AND TRAINING:
- Education in Schools
- Training of the citizens for personal and mutual protection
- Training of volunteers in rescue services
- Training of Civil Protection units

RECONDITION

Provisional repair

Protection, rescue and relief forces

Natural Disaster Recovery Division (Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning)
- implementation of emergency works to stabilize and prevent the spread of the consequences of the natural disaster

Supply and disposal

Temporary solutions for housing and supplies are covered by Slovenian Armed Forces and Fire Brigade.

Slovenian Red Cross as a national organization with public authorization assures the operation of the enquiry office, the operation of certain residential and provision facilities and in recent times also the first aid teams.

Emergency legislation

All forms of protection, rescue and relief are conducted in accordance with the principles of international law and in accordance with accepted international obligations, so that all of these activities are of the humanitarian and civilian nature. This allows Slovenia to be involved in international humanitarian operations with its forces.
Legislation regarding this field has been thoroughly upgraded in May 2002 as the National Assembly adopted the two important documents, which are National Programme on the Protection Against Natural and Other Disasters and the Doctrine on protection, rescue and relief.

Some other important acts regarding natural disasters are:
- Removal of Consequences of Natural Disasters Act
- Protection Against Natural and Other Disasters Act
- Environment Protection Act
- Water Act
- Decree on the damage evaluation methodology
- Decree on the organization and operation of the system of monitoring, informing and alarming
- Resolution on the National Programme on the Protection against Natural and other Disasters in years 2009 to 2015

RECONSTRUCTION

Definitive repair

Natural Disaster Recovery Division (Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning)
- preparation of proposals for the approval of programs for elimination of effects of the natural disaster
- ensure the observation of the influence area of the disaster
- preparation of expert basis and ensuring the implementation of research to identify risk areas in the impact area
- establishing the necessary infrastructure facilities for the avalanche zone of influence arrangements and preparing proposals for the relocation, expansion and other adjustments for the existing infrastructure facilities
- preparing the basis for eventual decrees on determining the  of the sites down risk

Reconstruction

Firm for torrent management PUH
- remediation and reconstruction of torrent and water management regulations and objects

Building and Civil Engineering Institute_ZRMK
- remediation of  landslides and other natural disasters

IGEA
- consulting in setting up the comprehensive protection and rescue systems
- engineering and acquisition of financial resources,
- assistance in setting up a project and project office for the removal of natural disasters consequences,
- information support for the project office for the removal of natural disasters consequences

Financing

Public Services and Investments Directorate (Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning)
- tasks related to the performance of environmental protection public services and remediation of natural disasters, and tasks in the area of cohesion policy and investments,
- tasks covering the preparation and implementation of programmes and other measures related to the elimination of such consequences,
- management and coordination of preparation and monitoring of implementation and co-financing of investment projects related to environmental and public utility infrastructure and water infrastructure in the Republic of Slovenia

Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Agricultural Markets and Rural Development (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food)
- ensures proper and timely payment of the approved funds to final beneficiaries

Insurance companies
– evaluation of direct material damage due to the personal insurance policies

PREVENTION

Land use planning

Location and building permits are issued at the municipal level according to existing laws and Municipality Spatial Plan.

Firm for torrent management PUH (elaboration of risk assessment studies, determination of the risk areas for spatial planning and other needs)

Technical measures

IGEA

Firm for torrent management PUH

Building and Civil Engineering Institute_ZRMK

The Institute for Water of the Republic of Slovenia (IzVRS)

EHO projekt
- managing of torrent and lowland streams,
- managing of drainages and reclamations of land by drainage,
- managing of stagnant waters,
- managing of roadside embankments and dams,
- solving of erosion problems of any kind (torrent, surface and snow erosion),
- solving of avalanches problems,
- reconstruction of the forest and local roads.

PREPARATION

Organisation

Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief

The relief plans define:
• individual type of disaster for which plan is elaborated
• extent of planning
• concept of protection, rescue and disaster relief for the disaster for which plan was elaborated
• management and leading
• measures and tasks of protection, rescue and relief
• personal and mutual protection
• explanation of terms and abbreviations
• necessary forces and means and resources available
• organization and implementation of monitoring, warning and alarming
• mobilization of forces and resources

Supplementations and attachments to the plan are:
• plans of activities of executors of the protection and rescue
• database needed for implementation of the plan
• program of qualification, training and exercises
• instruction for maintenance and distribution of protection and rescue plan

Holders of planning:
- Company level - plans drawn up by companies, institutions and other organisations
- Local level  - plans drawn up by municipalities (municipal protection and rescue action plans)
- Regional level - plans drawn up by regional offices of the Administration of the Republic of Slovenian for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief
- National level  - plans drawn up by the Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief, in conjunction with ministries and other national bodies (national protection and rescue plan)

Deployment planning

The municipality provides the estimated amount of costs for protection against natural disasters, the amount of founds is approved by the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning.

Insurance

Insurance companies
– evaluation of direct material damage due to the personal insurance

Warning

One of the most important tasks in the system of protection, rescue and relief is preventive-operative notifying, where there is a risk of natural and other disasters which can be predicted. These include in particular certain natural weather-related disasters.
Warnings are prepared by the Notification centre of Republic Slovenia of the Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief, mostly with cooperation with The Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia. The warnings are primarily related to heavy rainfall and flooding, heavy snowfalls, strong winds, ice, high tide, storms and hail.

Hazard mapping is covered by different institutions/bodies on a different scale:
1. Slovenian Research Agency (ARRS) (Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning – financing
2. Geological Survey of Slovenia (GeoZS)
3. Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy (FGG)
4. Anton Melik Geographical Institute (GIAM)
5. GeoInženiring
Activities of GeoInženiring in the field of engineering geology are:
- engineering geological mapping and rock classification,
- field and laboratory researches for underground structures, landslides and mineral resources for construction.

Information

Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief
The information system on natural and other disasters incorporates the collection, processing, storage, dissemination and use of data on the following:
- Meteorological, hydrological, seismological, radiological, environmental, health and other situations,
- Emergencies and other events in road, rail, air or sea traffic
Incidents in airspace,
- Disturbances, restrictions and interruptions in the supply of drinking water, energy, public telecommunications and other systems,
- Danger, accidents and other events of consequence for protection against disasters,
- Danger caused by natural and other disasters,
- Interventions,
- Protection, rescue and relief units and equipment,
- The sources of information, and the obligations connected with the forwarding and use of information, are laid down by law and international agreements,
The data is collected, processed, disseminated and used by the notification centres. There is one national and 13 regional notification centres in Slovenia.

The Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia (Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning)
- observing, analysing and forecasting natural phenomena and processes in the environment;
- reducing impact of natural hazards on people and property;
- ensuring high-quality environmental data for all target groups;
- raising the awareness of people and institutions about the environment and environmental issues;
- performing tasks of national services in the areas of hydrology, meteorology, seismology and geophysics, nature protection, water management;
- environmental monitoring and reporting to the domestic and international public and institutions;
- implementation of environmental protection requirements resulting from existing regulation;
- conservation of natural resources, biodiversity and to ensure sustainable development of the country;
- up-to-date information to the public on the results of all work areas of the agency

Geological Survey of Slovenia
- targeted research projects,
- cooperation with other institutes (threat assessment, GIS portals...)

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy
- targeted research projects,
- basic and applied research projects

Anton Melik Geographical Institute (Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Department of Natural Hazards)
The department works in the field of geography of natural hazards. The department focuses mainly on geography of natural hazards and risks that are frequent in Slovenia, such as rock falls, landslides, debris flows, accelerated erosion, avalanches, flash floods, lowland floods, earthquakes and droughts. Natural hazards are studied from different points of view, mostly from the point of view of physical and social/human geography and scientific analysis of causes and consequences of the mentioned natural processes. Education about natural hazards and evaluation of their consequences are also object of our work while prevention is the basic orientation of the department.

Building and Civil Engineering Institute_ZRMK (Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Geology)
Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Geology deals with research and development, technical analysis and expertise and also with technical and technological advising.
It is working on specific tasks related to construction, geology, ecology, in preparation for the construction, during, and after construction and in the frame of the remediation. It is included in the remediation of avalanches and other natural disasters.

Firm for torrent management PUH
PUH elaborate project and technical documentation in the field of engineering construction and spatial planning for:
- torrent and water management regulations and objects,
- remediation and reconstruction of torrent and water management regulations and objects,
- regulations and objects against erosion,
- remediation of landslides, landslips,
- objects of transport infrastructure: roads, trails, bridges, reconstruction,
- objects for protections against avalanches and rock falls...

IGEA
Drawing on extensive experience, IGEA operates in all four areas (planning, protection, action, disaster relief) of the protection and rescue system. Services comprise:
- consulting in setting up the comprehensive protection and rescue systems (including the integration of existent information systems, data acquisition, ICT, etc.),
- engineering and acquisition of financial resources,
development of turnkey software solutions (planning, implementation, testing, training, maintenance),
- support in data capturing and processing,
- assistance in setting up a project and project office,
- information support for the project office,
- consulting in the preparation of strategies and conceptualisations of prevention

SPIN- System for reporting on interventions and disasters
Application for collecting data on natural and other disasters and on interventions by protection, rescue and relief forces.

GIS-UJME
Portal on natural disasters.

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia – Si-Stat Data Portal
The mission of national statistics in Slovenia is to provide to public administration bodies and organisations, the economy and the public quality, timely, temporally, spatially and internationally comparable data on the situation and trends in the economic, demographic and social fields, as well as in the field of environment and natural resources. Data for national needs and international dissemination are provided at optimum costs. By respecting statistical confidentiality, it improves the users' trust and strengthens professional independence.

The Institute for Water of the Republic of Slovenia (IzVRS)

 


2 - Slovenian legislation /organisation


DECREE ON THE ORGANIZATION AND OPERATION OF THE SYSTEM OF MONITORING, INFORMING AND ALARMING
(www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=199745&stevilka=2428)

Anyone who notice or becomes aware of danger, natural or other disaster or other occurrence that may cause an accident must immediately inform competent notification centre on telephone nuber 112 or other information means.
Ministries, Hydrometeorological Institute of Republic of Slovenia, Seismology and geology office, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation and other administrative authorities and administrative structures of ministries, Slovenia Forest Service, Fisheries Research Institute of Slovenia, the Alpine Association of Slovenia, Telekom Slovenia (Telephone company), Elektro-Slovenija (Electro company) and AMZS (Automobile association of Slovenia) have to report data on natural and other disasters to the Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief. Reporting is done through the mutually agreed method through Notification Centre of the Republic of Slovenia.


DECREE ON THE DAMAGE EVALUATION METHODOLOGY

(www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=200367&stevilka=3224)

The government set up regional and the national commission for the damage assessment caused by natural and other disasters. In the commission judicial officers, insurance valuator and others authorized representatives of public institutions, professional teams or specialized services from individual activities, and experts or members of professional associations and other institutions, may be appointed.  Administration can in damage assessment include also specialist services, bodies or organizations. Damage assessments made also by the competent local community commissions which are established in accordance with the directions on the income tax.


PROCEDURE FOR DAMAGE ASSESSMENT IN CASE OF NATURAL AND OTHER DISASTERS
(ACPDR nb.017-00-23/2005-2 of 09/27/2005)

• When an accident occurs local community immediately inform the regional notification centre and the next day provide written report to the ACPDR branch.
• ACPDR branch with the local community visits and determines the area and intensity of disasters. ACPDR proposes to issue a resolution for damage assessment.
• ACPDR issues a resolution on the start and the end date of the damage assessment.
• Local communities invite affected people to report the damage on prescribed forms.
• The Commission reviewed the role of local community-forms, to assess their reality and, if necessary, amended or supplemented them.
• Local community commission after an expiration of period determent for damage assessment send application forms to the Regional Commission, which review the application forms, evaluate the facts, and if necessary change the forms.
• Regional Commission after the deadline, send the application to the State Commission which after confirmation elaborate a report for the Government.
• The Government will decide on the report and the reimbursement of costs, which are conducted by the agency at the Ministry of Agriculture.


ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT

See Environmental Agency > Environmental Impact Assessment


REMOVAL OF CONSEQUENCES OF NATURAL DISASTERS ACT

(www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=200375&stevilka=3620)

Content of the program for Removal of Consequences of Natural Disasters:
(1) Program for Removal of Consequences of Natural Disasters establish measures to remove the consequences of natural disasters, in particular:
- determine the type and estimate number of things that need to be renewed,
- determine the type and estimated number of objects to be built to prevent further threats to property and public health because of consequences of natural disasters or its reoccurrence,
- assess the level of funding for individual measures for removal of consequences of natural disasters on things,
- determine the intended use of funds in individual fiscal years.
(2) With the program of removal of consequences of natural disasters also carriers of specific tasks are determined, namely:
- maintenance of an influential observation disaster areas where there is danger to people and property during the implementation of measures for removal of consequences of natural disasters,
- maintenance of carried out intervention measures,
- carrying out the necessary works to prevent further consequences of natural disasters,
- execution of expert basis and researches for the regulation that establish the hazard zone in the influential area of natural disasters in accordance with regulations directing water management,
- implementation of appropriate spatial planning documents for removal of the consequences of natural disasters,
- implementation of projects for the reconstruction of damaged and destroyed objects,
- implementation of specific measures for removal of consequences of the program,
- implementation of other measures determined in the program.
(3) If it is necessary that due to the construction of public infrastructure of national or local importance, or replacement of facilities municipality spatial acts should be changed or replaced, the program for the removal of the consequences of natural disaster should include program for preparation of this municipality spatial acts and assessment of the costs for its implementation and persons who will be responsible for carrying out this program.
(4) If the implementation of measures for removal of consequences of natural disasters on objects lasts more fiscal years, program must determine the mandatory content of the annual programs for removal of consequences of natural disasters as well as appointed times in which programs must be submitted to the Government for adoption by Ministry of Environment. Annual program of removal of consequences of natural disasters determines for each fiscal year detailed measures of removal the consequences of natural disasters are determined and the expected funds for implementation of these measures. 

Beneficiaries of funds for disaster recovery:
- national authorities
- municipalities
- persons of public law
- persons of private law for the renovation of facilities in which activities are carried out,
- apartment owners,
- owners of the building, which has been declared a cultural monument or an object that is intended to safeguard the natural heritage.

Allocations of funds to municipalities
(1) Funds for removal of the consequences of the natural disaster are allocated to  the municipality as a special transfer from the government for reconstruction:
- public infrastructure facilities of local importance,
- objects that are owned by municipality and are used for carrying out its activities
- objects that are owned by municipality and are used for the local public service,
- residential buildings which are owned by municipality,
- objects that are owned and used by persons of public law, of which the founder or cofounder is the municipality,
- objects owned by persons of public law, of which founder or cofounder is the municipality, and for which investment, investment-maintenance or maintenance work are provided within municipality budget, 
-forest roads, in the case of co-financing of reconstruction, for which funds are provided in accordance with the regulations governing the management of forests.
(2) The municipality shall be allocated funds for removal the consequences of natural disasters, including the purchase and communal regulation of building land for the replacement of the facilities which has to be carried out due to hazard of influential area.


RESOLUTION ON THE NATIONAL PROGRAMME OF PROTECTION AGAINST NATURAL AND OTHER DISASTERS
2009-2015
(http://zakonodaja.gov.si/rpsi/r05/predpis_RESO65.html)

All forces are linked into a single system that allows unified management and performing, as well as usage of common telecommunications and other infrastructure.
In the composition of government protection, rescue and relief forces operate state rapid reaction forces. These forces are assigned to conduct particularly demanding rescue interventions, which require rapid response. These forces also participate in protection, rescue and relief efforts based on international agreements with neighbouring and other countries as well as in humanitarian and rescue interventions in a broader region under the UN, NATO and EU programs, and other international organizations. The unit consists of executives, technical rescue force, squad for radiological, chemical and biological protection, first aid team, department of technical diving, squad for supply, and groups for electricity and for water.

Education:
(www.uradni-list.si/1/content?id=93322)
In the field of education and training comprehensive system the core of which is the Training Centre for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief, is established. About 10,000 a year to 13,000 participants, primarily fire-fighters and other rescuers attends various forms of education and training. Training programs conducted in the centre are complemented by training which is carried out by the NGOs for rescue services. In cooperation with the Fire Brigade of Slovenia and the Slovenian Red Cross efforts are being made to integrate themes that deal with protection, rescue and relief including an optional subject in the educational system in regular educational system. Preschool and school children is inform about the disaster dangers and emergency action in the youth press, with posters, leaflets and other materials submitted to schools and kindergartens. For eleven years now literary and art contest for preschool and school children on the theme of natural disasters is taking place.

Training of the population is limited to occasional activities. This also applies to activities carried out by public fire institutions, NGOs in particular voluntary fire-fighters, mountain rescuers, Red Cross of Slovenia, as well as the Alpine Association of Slovenia. For the inhabitants’ leaflets, guidelines for behaviour before, during and after certain incidents are prepared, which are published on the website www.sos112.si. Number 112 is promoted. Films with warnings at bigger natural disasters are designed. For 22 years yearly Designed by noted film in emergency situations to play on public television. Twenty-two years already paper on natural disasters, called UJMA, is published.


Monitoring
:
(http://www.sos112.si/slo/clanek.php?catid=4&id=2926)
System of monitoring, warning and alarming - call at the unified European emergency number 112 is established and it’s  supported by 13 regional notification centres and Notification centre of the Republic of Slovenia. Notification centres are collecting and processing information on hazards and disasters, and are performing dispatch service for all emergency services and other statutory functions. The basis of the information system is the protection and rescue intranet that connects users into the local information network at national level and through the Internet can be used by performers in the field of protection against natural and other disasters. For operational service a system of autonomous radio link protection and rescue (ZARE AND ZARE PLUS) is established, which includes a system of personal call and a system of public alarm. Fixed communications system is provided in the public telecommunications system. Building of a single national system for autonomous digital radio connections upon standard TETRA is started.


SPATIAL PLANNING ACT (ZPNačrt)

(www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=200733&stevilka=1761)

Aim of the spatial planning is to provide a coherent spatial development with discussion and adjustment of different development needs and interests with public benefits in the areas of environmental protection, nature conservation and cultural heritage, protection of natural resources, protection against natural and other disasters.

Alternative government action: If the municipality does not accept  the spatial act, which should be adopted, and if this could lead to a threat to human life or health, or if this may lead to adverse consequences for the environment and animal life or health, or in providing protection against natural and other disasters, or in the provision of local public services, government adopt spatial acts instead of municipality.

National Spatial Plan: is a spatial act with which spatial regulation of national importance from the national strategic spatial plan are planned.

Regional scale:
Municipal Spatial Plan
Spatial implementation conditions define conditions of an integrated conservation of cultural heritage, nature conservation, environmental protection and natural assets and protection against natural and other disasters.

Detailed municipal spatial plan is made for the spatial regulation of local importance as a result of natural or other disasters, which have been established in the municipal spatial plan.
The municipal detailed spatial plan in greater detail solutions and measures for the protection against natural and other disasters, including protection against arson.

 


3 - Players (administration, institutions, associations, services...) involved in natural risk mitigation

 

Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief (ACPDR)

www.sos112.si/eng

ACPDR is a constituent body of the Ministry of Defence.

Tasks of ACPDR are:
• to develop a national program for protection against natural and other disasters
• to proposed research and development projects
• to prepare (total and specific) risk analysis
• to organize system of monitoring, warning and alarming and takes care for its operation
• to organize system of alliances and takes care of its operation
• to direct and coordinate preventive measures
• to proclaim the risk of natural and other disasters
• to provide guidance for dealing with hazards and disasters
• to prepare a national protection and rescue plans
• to organize, equip and train Civil protection units from state jurisdiction
• to coordinate preparedness and co-operation and activities of public rescue services within the state jurisdiction
• to develop programs and organize and implement education and training in the protection, rescue and relief
• to provide conditions for the work of the commanders and the Civil Protection Staff of the Republic of Slovenia
• to provide conditions for the work of state commissions to assess damage
• to establish and maintain the country's reserves of material resources for natural and other disasters

All forms of protection, rescue and relief are conducted in accordance with the principles of international law and in accordance with accepted international obligations, so that all of these activities are of the humanitarian and civilian nature. This allows Slovenia to be involved in international humanitarian operations with its forces.

Legislation regarding this field has been thoroughly upgraded in May 2002 as the National Assembly adopted the two important documents, which are National program on the Protection against Natural and other Disasters and the Doctrine on protection, rescue and relief.

The main aims of the system of protection against natural and other disasters are reducing accidents and prevent or reduce the number of casualties and other consequences. The main group tasks are:
• prevention of disasters;
• preparedness for disaster;
• protection against hazards;
• rescue and disaster relief;
• disaster remediation.

Protection against natural and other disasters is based on:
• area and urban planning for the protection and relief;
• evacuation;
• accommodation and care for homeless and other people at-risk;
• radiological, chemical and biological protection;
• building shelters and other protective facilities and their use;
• protection of cultural heritage;
• guard against unexploded ordnance.

Protection, rescue and relief forces at various levels (municipal, regional and national) are voluntary (voluntary fire brigade, Red Cross, Slovenian Caritas, divers, dog-handler units, girl and boy scouts, scouts, amateur, broadcasters, Mountain Rescue Service, Cave Rescue Service etc.) and professional emergency services (professional fire-fighters, public health services, public social welfare services, public veterinary services, environmental laboratory, mine rescue units, emergency rescue for disasters connected to corrosive substances, mobile meteorological unit, public utilities, regional and government public services and contract organization), Civil Protection (first aid teams, units for veterinary first aid, technical rescue units, units for radiological, chemical and biological defence, services for maintenance and usage of shelters, unit for protection against unexploded ordnance, unit for triggering avalanches, rescue unit for rapid intervention and support services) and certain companies, institutions and other organizations, which are, given the nature of their activities involved in this system. Civil protection is organized as a specific and deliberate part of protection and relief system.


Information system

(www.sos112.si/eng/page.php?src=pr13.htm)
The information system on natural and other disasters incorporates the collection, processing, storage, dissemination and use of data on the following:
- Meteorological, hydrological, seismological, radiological, environmental, health and other situations,
- Emergencies and other events in road, rail, air or sea traffic,
- Incidents in airspace,
- Disturbances, restrictions and interruptions in the supply of drinking water, energy, public telecommunications and other systems,
- Danger, accidents and other events of consequence for protection against disasters,
- Danger caused by natural and other disasters,
- Interventions,
- Protection, rescue and relief units and equipment,
- The sources of information, and the obligations connected with the forwarding and use of information, are laid down by law and international agreements,
The data is collected, processed, disseminated and used by the notification centres. There is one national and 13 regional notification centres in Slovenia.


Relef plans
Protection and rescue measures to be deployed in the event of a natural or other disaster are laid down in the protection and rescue plans which must be drawn up for each individual type of disaster by state bodies, local communities, public institutions (schools, institutions caring for special groups of people, medical institutions, institutions for the protection of cultural heritage, etc.), commercial companies whose activity presents a threat to nearby residents and to the environment, and a number of other organisations.
National protection and rescue plans are adopted by the government, and local community plans by mayors. The body responsible for national plans is the Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief; municipal administrations are responsible for municipal plans. Adopted protection and rescue plans must be presented in public, especially to those people under threat and to other publics with a vested interest.

The relief plans define:
• individual type of disaster for which plan is elaborated
• extent of  planning
• concept of protection, rescue and disaster relief for the disaster for which plan was elaborated
• management and leading
• measures and tasks of protection, rescue and relief
• personal and mutual protection
• explanation of terms and abbreviations
• necessary forces and means and resources available
• organization and implementation of monitoring, warning and alarming
• mobilization of forces and resources

Supplementations and attachments to the plan are:
• plans of activities of executors of the protection and rescue
• database needed for implementation of  the plan
• program of qualification, training and exercises
• instruction for maintenance and distribution of protection and rescue plan

Holders of planning:
- Company level - plans drawn up by companies, institutions and other organisations
- Local level  - plans drawn up by municipalities (municipal protection and rescue action plans)
- Regional level - plans drawn up by regional offices of the Administration of the Republic of Slovenian for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief
- National level  - plans drawn up by the Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief, in conjunction with ministries and other national bodies (national protection and rescue plan)


Instructions for citizens:
(http://www.sos112.si/eng/page.php?src=np1.htm)
- Emergency food supply
- Measures to take in the event of an earthquake
- Measures to take in the event of a flood
- Measures to take in the event of heavy snowfall
- Protection against avalanches
- Protection against lightning
- Taking measures in the event of a fire in the natural environment
- Taking measures in the event of a fire in a building
- Taking measures in the event of the use of chemical weapons
- Measures in the event of an accident involving chlorine
- Protection against radiation
- Taking measures in the event of the outbreak of a communicable disease
- Taking measures in the event of an airstrike
- How to prepare and use a shelter/refuge
- Taking measures if you encounter unexploded ordnance
- First psychological aid
- Giving first aid
- How to ensure healthy drinking water


Education and training:

Education in Schools
- In primary school basic knowledge about the dangers of natural and other disasters and protection against them is provided.
- In high schools and colleges knowledge on protection against natural and other disasters in accordance with educational objectives and learning content of individual items is provided. This training takes place as part of the educational process in schools.

Training of the citizens for personal and mutual protection
- Training and preparation of personal and mutual protection and implementation of the required protective measures is the duty of citizens.
- Training of residents on personal and mutual protection and on implementation of the required protection measures is conducted as an optional form of training, particularly through educational radio and television broadcasts, news and educational materials received at home, public presentation of plans for protection and rescue, and monitoring of practical exercises.
- This training is organized by the competent national authorities and municipalities in accordance with the threat of the environment.

Training of volunteers in rescue services
- Training of volunteers in the fire brigade, mountain rescue service, cave rescue service, underwater rescue and other services is organized and conducted by voluntary organizations that organize this services.
Training is conducted with accordance to the programs prescribed by the minister responsible for protection against natural and other disasters.

Training of Civil Protection units
- Training of the CP comprises initial, basic and additional training. Initial and basic training should not exceed 15 days, additional must not last more than 5 days.  Additional training is usually conducted during the non-working days.
- Practice is one of the most important forms of additional training and is designed for training as well as for examination of the participants skills.
- Training is conducted with accordance to the programs prescribed by the minister responsible for protection against natural and other disasters.
- Partisans of the CP are enrolled with the appeal, which has to be usually served 30 days before the start of training.
Training Programs
Training Centre for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief
of the Republic of Slovenia was built in 1993. The Training centre is responsible for the development and evaluation of training programs and prepares training materials. In addition, it organizes training within international organizations (NATO, UN) and the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe. It provides professional publishing support for the Ujma national magazine, which addresses issues on disaster management.

Measures to take in the event of a flood
http://www.sos112.si/eng/page.php?src=np13.htm

A. Measures to be taken before a flood
- Prepare a portable radio, torch and spare batteries for use.
- If you live in a region in which the risk of floods is high and the weather conditions are such that a flood is likely to occur (heavy rain, storms, heavy thaw, the period immediately after an airstrike), turn on your radio and listen to the news transmitted by the hydrometeorological service, and the instructions given by Civil Protection headquarters staff.
- Transfer your food, assets, documents, money and other valuables from premises lower down in the building and from the basement to premises located higher up.
- Fill all available containers with drinking water, since there is the possibility of disruptions in the water supply.
- Transfer your livestock to higher-lying areas and prepare a temporary shelter for the animals.
- If you have enough time, oil machinery which you cannot protect from water, clean the yard, and protect items which are likely to be carried away by floodwaters.
- If your home is located in a region in which there is a possibility that the entire building may be flooded, promptly remove all items to a safe area, perhaps a neighbour's or relative's place. If you do not have enough time for this, collect the most essential items (money, documents, clothing), remove or at least untie your livestock, and withdraw to an area above the water level.
- Before you leave your home, turn off the electricity, gas and water.

B. Measures to be taken during a flood
- If you have failed to withdraw and have remained in the flooded area, move to the higher parts of the building and shout for help; during the night use items which radiate light to make it easier for rescuers to find you. In addition, always have beside you an item which can float in water (a tyre, a plastic container with a bung, a larger piece of polystyrene, etc.).
- Avoid areas which are likely to be imminently flooded.
- Do not try to cross watercourses where the water reaches to your knees.
- Do not try to cross flooded roads with your car - you may get stuck in the water.
- Do not go close to riverbanks - they may have been undermined by erosion.
- Keep track of broadcasts on the radio and television given by the competent services and bodies.

C. Measures to be taken after a flood
- Do not consume fresh food which has been in contact with floodwater.
- If the water supply system has been damaged, do not use the water until an announcement has been made to the effect that the water is suitable. In particular, do not use water from wells.
- Until they have been examined by an expert, do not use electrical installations and apparatuses which have been underwater.
- Inform the authorities of any disruptions in the telephone, electrical, water and gas networks.
- During and after a flood you will need: emergency reserves of fresh water and canned food; a first-aid kit; a reserve of essential medications; rubber boots or other suitable footwear; rubber gloves; and a water-resistant bag for your clothing and valuables.


Protection against avalanches:
(www.sos112.si/eng/page.php?src=np15.htm)
Before setting out on your journey find out the weather forecast and snow conditions. This information can be obtained from the automatic telephone weather service on 9822.
How to detect the threat of an avalanche
The best ski runs are usually on slopes where the risk of avalanches is highest. For this reason, the most basic rule must be followed at all times: observe, observe and observe. One telltale sign that an avalanche may be triggered are the remains of previous avalanches. You should estimate how much time has passed since the previous avalanche.
Measures
- If an avalanche covers a friend, acquaintance, or member of your group or of a group which crossed the avalanche before or after you, memorise the spot where the person is buried under the avalanche and the spot where you last saw this person; this information will greatly help the rescue operation.
- Call 112 and notify the rescuers. Then organise a relief (search) group, but be careful not to trigger additional avalanches.
- If you are caught by an avalanche yourself, you can escape it by skiing quickly only with very great difficulty. You must bear in mind that this is a possibility at all times: as soon as you notice a shift in the snow cover and that snow is carrying you along, if you are a skilful skier try to straighten your skis and exit the avalanche by skiing alongside it.
- If you fall, fight the avalanche! Resist it in order to stop it taking you deep underneath. If you determine that the avalanche is slowing down, cover your face with your hands. If you fail to dig your way out once, do not attempt it again (you will unnecessarily waste your strength and air).


 

Anton Melik Geographical Institute (Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts)

http://giam.zrc-sazu.si/?q=en

Department of Natural Hazards
The department works in the field of geography of natural hazards. The department focuses mainly on geography of natural hazards and risks that are frequent in Slovenia, such as rock falls, landslides, debris flows, accelerated erosion, avalanches, flash floods, lowland floods, earthquakes and droughts. Natural hazards are studied from different points of view, mostly from the point of view of physical and social/human geography and scientific analysis of causes and consequences of the mentioned natural processes. Education about natural hazards and evaluation of their consequences are also object of our work while prevention is the basic orientation of the department.

 

Building and Civil Engineering Institute (ZRMK Institute)


Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Geology (http://www.gi-zrmk.si/CZGG/Default.aspx)
Department for Geotechnical Engineering and Geology deals with research and development, technical analysis and expertise, and technical and technological advising.
It is working on specific tasks related to construction, geology, ecology, in preparation for the construction, during, and after construction and in the frame of the remediation. It is included in the remediation of avalanches and other natural disasters.

 

Caritas Slovenia

www.karitas.si/predstavitev/index_eng.php

 

EHO projekt

http://ehoprojekt.si/component/option,com_frontpage/Itemid,1/

Company which carries out all types of engineering professional services, like:
- conceptual design, conceptual projects and studies,
- projects for obtaining building permits and projects for their implementation,
- registers and reports on the state of erosion, rivers, water management structures,
- registers on damage caused by high waters,
- implementation of torrential and fluvial supervision,
- vulnerability assessment.

 

Elektro-Slovenija, d.o.o. (ELES)

www.eles.si/en

The public company Elektro-Slovenija, d.o.o. (ELES) has the exclusive right to perform the public service of the transmission network system operator in Slovenia.
Electro companies in Slovenia have elaborated Protection and rescue plans in the event of a natural or other disasters for regions of their activities.
For example :
PROTECTION AND RESCUE PLAN IN THE EVENT OF A NATURAL OR OTHER DISASTER FOR ELEKTRO GORENJSKA
(www.elektro-gorenjska.si/resources/files/nacrt_09.pdf)
In the event of a natural or other disasters Elektro Gorenjska performs following basic tasks:
a. To restore damaged electrical power objects into the state that doesn’t present a danger to life or health of the people, the nature and living environment or property.
b. To arrange prompt supply of electricity to affected customers or
to restore normal operating conditions.
In the case of larger natural disasters, they apply the emergency solution (temporary arrangements), with subsequent final remediation.
Most frequently used processes of providing provision to the affected customers are:
a. elimination of defects and the establishment of a reserve power supply,
b. elimination of defects and restoration of the normal operating condition,
c. elimination of defects and the installation of a temporary power supply,
d. restoration of the power supply through the establishment of mobile power generating station,
e. restoration of the power supply power through the establishment of mobile aggregates.

 

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy

www2.fgg.uni-lj.si/

Targeted research projects
a) M2-0135 on Interactive visualization of flood areas to support an intervention action
Principal investigator: prof. dr. Franc Steinman
b) M2-0144 Threat Assessment by the action of debris flows
Principal investigator: prof. dr. Matjaz Mikoš

Basic and applied research projects
a) J2-9703 Researches on  probabilistic seismic risk assessment
Principal investigator: doc. dr. Matjaz Zdolšek

 

Geological Survey of Slovenia

www.geo-zs.si/podrocje.aspx?langid=1033

The main purpose of the Geological Survey of Slovenia is to provide geological expertise and information about the geology of Slovenia. Geological data are fundamental for decision making in fields such as: protection of human health and the environment, drinking water supply, geohazard mitigation, urban planning, mineral resources exploration and exploitation, etc.

 

GeoInženiring

www.geo-inz.si

Activities of GeoInženiring in the field of engineering geology are:
- engineering geological mapping and rock classification,
- field and laboratory researches for underground structures, landslides and mineral resources for construction.

 

IGEA, Ltd., Consulting and services in real estate, infrastructure and space

www.igea.si/en/protection-and-rescue.html

Drawing on extensive experience, IGEA operates in all four areas (planning, protection, action, disaster relief) of the protection and rescue system. Services comprise:
- consulting in setting up the comprehensive protection and rescue systems (including the integration of existent information systems, data acquisition, ICT, etc.),
- engineering and acquisition of financial resources,
- development of turnkey software solutions (planning, implementation, testing, training, maintenance),
- support in data capturing and processing,
- assistance in setting up a project and project office for the removal of natural disasters consequences,
- information support for the project office for the removal of natural disasters consequences,
- consulting in the preparation of strategies and concepts of prevention,
- etc.

 

IzVRS: Institute for Water of the Republic of Slovenia

www.izvrs.si

Services:

  • Applied researches and solutions for the water environment;
  • Analysis of the existing policy and suggestions for new national and European water policy;
  • Consultancy and preparation of expert opinions for decision-making related to integration of the water policy and policies of other sectors;
  • Expert groundwork for the preparation of river basin management plans;
  • Guidelines for the implementation of the water planning process at the national, regional and municipal levels;
  • Planning and project-based solutions related to the water usage and water engineering;
  • Expert groundwork for the construction of water infrastructure and protection against adverse impacts of water;
  • Applied assessment and methods for control of the state of the water environment;
  • Information, awareness raising and education of the public on the importance of water, water planning and management.

 

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food

Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Agricultural Markets and Rural Development (www.arsktrp.gov.si/en)
- only accredited paying agency in Slovenia,
- ensures proper and timely payment of the approved funds to final beneficiaries and reports upon it to governmental and European institutions,
- procedure seeking damages for the consequences of natural disasters in agriculture (only in Slovene).

 

Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning

www.mop.gov.si/en

Natural Disaster Recovery Division

Its tasks are:
• preparation of proposals for the approval of programs for elimination of effects of the natural disaster;
• ensure the observation of the influence area of the disaster;
• implementation of emergency works to stabilize and prevent the spread of the consequences of the natural disaster;
• preparation of expert basis and ensuring the implementation of research to identify risk areas in the impact area,
• establishing the necessary infrastructure facilities for the avalanche zone of influence arrangements and preparing proposals for the relocation, expansion and other adjustments for the existing infrastructure facilities;
• preparing the basis for eventual decrees on determining the  of the sites down risk
• preparation of a proposal for buildings scheduled for demolition or purchase, determination of  the title and purpose of the facility;
• preparation of national spatial plan proposal in cases of major interventions in the area;
• realization of parcelling and land purchases;
• preparation of proposals for the approval of the funds necessary for rebuilding for the individual beneficiaries;
• obtaining of project documents;
• conducting of administrative procedure which deals with removing the aftermath of natural disasters;
• performing decisions of ministry concerning the allocation of funds to an individual beneficiary;
• reconstruction based on the Removal of Consequences of Natural Disasters Act;
• monitoring of measures for  removing the aftermath of natural disasters;
• preparing the ground for implementing regulations as determine in under the Law of the aftermath of natural disasters;
• preparation of reports about the use of funds allocated to removing the aftermath of individual natural disasters;
• preparation of documentation for payments for implementing the measures;
• database management as a basis for carrying out preventive measures and removing the aftermath of natural disasters
• database management on the use of state aid funds


Legislation:
See:
DECREE ON THE DAMAGE EVALUATION METHODOLOGY
PROCEDURE FOR DAMAGE ASSESSMENT IN CASE OF NATURAL AND OTHER DISASTERS (ACPDR nb.017-00-23/2005-2 of 09/27/2005)
REMOVAL OF CONSEQUENCES OF NATURAL DISASTERS ACT


The Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia
(http://www.arso.gov.si/en/)
The Environment Agency of the Republic of Slovenia performs expert, analytical, regulatory and administrative tasks related to the environment at the national level. Its mission is to monitor, analyse and forecast natural phenomena and processes in the environment, and to reduce natural threats to people and property. The following tasks are performed:
- observing, analysing and forecasting natural phenomena and processes in the environment;
- reducing impact of natural hazards on people and property;
- ensuring high-quality environmental data for all target groups;
- raising the awareness of people and institutions about the environment and environmental issues;
- performing tasks of national services in the areas of hydrology, meteorology, seismology and geophysics, nature protection, water management;
- environmental monitoring and reporting to the domestic and international public and institutions;
- implementation of environmental protection requirements resulting from existing regulation;
- conservation of natural resources, biodiversity and to ensure sustainable development of the country;
- up-to-date information to the public on the results of all work areas of the agency.

Environmental Impact Assessment
(http://www.arso.gov.si/en/environmental%20protection/environmental%20impact%20assessment/)
1. Environmental Impact Assessment under the ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (Zakon o varstvu okolja – ZVO) (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, Nos. 32/93 and 1/96)
Environmental impact assessment was introduced by ZVO as a specific procedure in which it must be determined whether the planned activity in the environment presents a potential risk to the environment and can cause environmental damage or degradation, or whether such an activity is actually possible in terms of consequences for the environment. The starting point in this respect was one of the most important environmental protection principles, the principle of prevention, according to which any activity in the environment must be designed and realised in such a way to cause minimal change in the environment and to present minimal risk to the environment. More specific requirements regarding cases when an environmental impact assessment needs to be carried out are specified in the Decree on categories of activities for which an environmental impact assessment is mandatory (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, Nos. 66/96, 12/00, 83/02). These activities include spatial activities that are either causing major pollution or are representing greater risks to the environment. The environmental impact assessment is based on the environmental impact report, which must be drawn up in accordance with the Instruction on the methodology of preparing reports on environmental impact (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 70/96). It is necessary that the public is involved in the environmental impact assessment procedure, and when the proposed activity may also affect the territories of other countries, the public must be informed of it in sufficient time. After receipt of such a notice, the affected countries have the possibility to participate in the environmental impact assessment procedure. Under ZVO, the environmental impact assessment was carried out by the issue of the environmental protection consent, which was issued by the (ARSO) as a body within the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning, and was considered a supplementary act to a permit for an intervention in the environment.

2. Environmental impact assessment and environmental protection consent under the ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (ZVO-1) (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 41/04)
The new act has radically changed the environmental impact assessment and the issue of environmental protection consent. The most important of these changes is the change saying that the environmental impact assessment should in its entirety fall within the competence of the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia (ARSO), which is also competent for issuing the environmental protection consent, now as an independent decision and not a supplementary decision. The collaboration of neighbouring countries that are not only EU Member States but are also parties to the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment (Espoo Convention), to which the Republic of Slovenia is also a party, has also been arranged. Due to the requirements of the Aarhus Convention, the position of the interested public and non-governmental organisations which have the status of accessory participants in the procedure had to be regulated in a specific way.

State aid for the remediation of the consequences of large-scale landslides
(www.arso.gov.si/varstvo%20okolja/poro%C4%8Dila/poro%C4%8Dila%20o%20stanju%20okolja%20v%20Sloveniji/nesrece.pdf)
For six large-scale landslides in Slovenia state aid for removal of consequences of landslides, prevention of their expansion and their stabilization is legally defined. For this purpose following actions are defined:
- prevention of  spreading  and stabilization of  landslide with the construction of water management facilities infrastructure
- insurance of  the restoration and replacement of damaged objects of  local and state infrastructure, cultural sites and objects for the protection of natural importance sights,
- renovation or replacement of residential and commercial buildings.
For the state aid are entitled:
- persons of public and private law (help for building replacement facilities which has to be removed from the influence area due to landslide risk)
- local communities and competent ministries (for the reconstruction of infrastructure facilities).
The amount of funds is determined by program of removal of landslide consequences for each financial year and for each landslide separately.


Public Services and Investments Directorate
(www.mop.gov.si/en/areas_of_work/public_services_and_investments_directorate/)
The Public Services and Investments Directorate performs tasks related to legal affairs and public procurement management, tasks related to the performance of environmental protection public services and remediation of natural disasters, and tasks in the area of cohesion policy and investments.
 In the field of environmental protection, the Public Services and Investments Directorate also performs tasks related to the performance of certain public environmental protection services of national and local importance. Regarding the consequences of natural disasters, the Public Services and Investments Directorate performs tasks covering the preparation and implementation of programmes and other measures related to the elimination of such consequences. Through the intermediary body for the implementation of Cohesion Fund projects, the Public Services and Investments Directorate is responsible for the management and coordination of preparation and monitoring of implementation and co-financing of investment projects related to environmental and public utility infrastructure and water infrastructure in the Republic of Slovenia.


Slovenian Research Agency (ARRS)
(www.arrs.gov.si/en/dobrodoslica.asp)

 

Protection, rescue and relief forces

www.sos112.si/eng

Protection, rescue and relief forces are available human capacities of societies, companies, societies or local communities, government or other organizations that are intended to protect, rescue and relief in case of  natural and other disasters.
Protection, rescue and relief forces are organized by local communities, government, and certain companies. Local communities and the government organize their forces regarding the risk on their territories. Companies, institutions and other organizations are organized according to the risk in the activities they perform.
Performers of tasks for protection, rescue and relief during natural and other disasters are:
1. units and services of non-governmental organizations;
2. enterprises, institutions and other organizations;
3. units, services and agencies of Civil Protection units;
4. police;
5. the Slovenian armed forces.

1. Units, services and other operative systems of units and other non-governmental organizations carrying out the duties of protection, rescue and relief and public services, as decided by the competent authority or local government body.
2. Companies, institutions and other organizations organize rescue units and services based on a decision of the competent authority or local government authority and based on the risks of the performed activities.
3. Units and civil protection services are organized on the basis of civic duty as supplementary forces to protect relief and rescue. Organized by the national government, local communities, companies, institutions and other organizations under the criteria for organizing, equipping and training forces for the protection, rescue and relief in accordance with their needs. The units and civil protection services are:
• first-aid unit;
• units for the first veterinary assistance;
• technical rescue units;
• units and services for radiological, chemical and biological protection;
• units for protection against unexploded ordnance;
• services for maintenance and operation of shelters;
• support services,
to ensure the implementation of certain mass tasks of protection, rescue and relief to address large natural and other disasters that cannot be implemented by existing units and emergency departments.
4. The police participate in the tasks of protection, rescue and relief in accordance with the law, particularly in providing security, public order, public peace and cooperation in rescue operations by helicopters and other forces.
5. Slovenian Armed Forces participate in the tasks of protection, rescue and relief in accordance with the law, their structure, equipment and ability. In carrying out the tasks aviation units, units for nuclear, chemical and biological defence, engineering units, medical service and other units (if they are not engaged in carrying out defence duties) are involved.

In view of the upper division and according to integration and participation of citizens, we could divide forces for protection, rescue and relief in the voluntary, professional and in duty bound. Individual units and departments may be organized as a combination of professional and volunteer members.

Municipalities organize municipal fire mandatory public service with volunteer and professional fire-fighters. Activity of voluntary fire brigade which is composed of around 44,000 volunteer and of professional fire-fighters numbering 600 in the territorial units, has grown to the general emergency service since the independence. 44 fire departments are appointed and they perform their duties at road accidents, accidents involving hazardous materials and some other accidents, also in other municipalities outside their home municipality which are co-funded by the national government.

Organisation:

See: RESOLUTION ON THE NATIONAL PROGRAMME OF PROTECTION AGAINST NATURAL AND OTHER DISASTERS

 

PUH: Firm for torrent management

http://www.puh.si/

PUH elaborate project and technical documentation in the field of engineering construction and spatial planning for :
- torrent and water management regulations and objects
- remediation and reconstruction of torrent and water management regulations and objects
- regulations and objects against erosion
- remediation of landslides, landslips
- objects of transport infrastructure: roads, trails, bridges, reconstruction
- objects for protections against avalanches and rock falls...

Protection against avalanches:
(www.puh.si/index.php?template=page_tekst&tekst=dejavnost_4)
- Preparation of project and technical documentation: Based on analysis of available spatial data, field measurements and observations and by using special software they plan optimal measures. Protective objects are planned in most appropriate places in terms of both security as well as in terms of cost.
- Implementation of measures to protect against avalanches
- Objects to prevent triggering of avalanches: Most effective protection against avalanches provide protilavinski Supporting facilities to prevent their activation.
- Snow Network: On the very steep slopes and protection of particularly important buildings are the most modern snow proven network that can be put on the most critical sections, irrespective of the availability of terrain. DOWN uses state of the art network. In addition to technical excellence, they provide excellent corrosion protection service life to 100 years, without requiring virtually no maintenance.
- Facilities for the intentional triggering of avalanches: PUH plans and implements facilities to deliberately triggering avalanches, producing elaborate to ensure safety and avalanche training shotfirer...

Protection against landslides:
(www.puh.si/index.php?template=page_tekst&tekst=dejavnost_2)
Activity in protection against landslides include:
- making studies, plans and inventories of landslides (the best protection against landslides is deliberate land development, for which for appropriate land use planning documents are essential. In PUH they have a comprehensive documentation to enable, with additional analysis of the terrain, experts to determine the extent and degree of landslide risk);
- preparation of project and technical documentation (for the remediation of landslides and for stabilization PUH design project and technical documentation, which define the most appropriate protective measures);
- stabilization and remediation of landslides (for stabilization PUH performs a wide range of measures in view of environment protection).

 

Slovenian Red Cross

www.rks.si/sl/English

 

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia – Si-Stat Data Portal

www.stat.si/pxweb/dialog/statfile1.asp

The mission of national statistics in Slovenia is to provide to public administration bodies and organisations, the economy and the public quality, timely, temporally, spatially and internationally comparable data on the situation and trends in the economic, demographic and social fields, as well as in the field of environment and natural resources. Data for national needs and international dissemination are provided at optimum costs. By respecting statistical confidentiality, it improves the users' trust and strengthens professional independence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GeoZS
Prepared by Geological Survey of Slovenia, Ljubljana, December 2010